Adult / Kids Sunday School Series
Sermon for the Starving Bible Believing Christians All Over the World Wide
- KJV Bible Believers Church in Touchet, Touchet, Washington - Pastor Mike
Paulson - 2007
the way of God more perfectly - Acts 18:26
with the Scriptures Rightly Divided - II
What's In the Old Testament
November 25, 2007
In It "FOR" Us?
Now all these things happened
unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition,
upon whom the ends of the
world are come.
I Corinthians 10:11
whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning,
we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.
comes after the book of Nehemiah,
but the events it describes took place about 30 years before Nehemiah.
The first group
of Jews returned to Jerusalem in 538 b.c.
Twenty years later
the temple was completed (Ezra 1–6).
The story of Esther
takes place about 40 years after the temple was rebuilt.
She became queen
of Persia in 478 b.c. and saved the Jews from being massacred in 473 b.c.
after Queen Esther saved the Jews, Ezra went to Jerusalem (458 b.c.),
after that, Nehemiah rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem.
seems that Esther made possible the work of Nehemiah.
Her marriage to
the king must have given Jews great prestige.
It is impossible
to guess what might have happened to the Hebrew nation had there been no
Except for her,
Jerusalem might never have been rebuilt, and there might have been a different
story to tell to all future ages.
book of Esther is about a very important historical event:
God's people were
delivered from annihilation in the days following the Babylonian captivity.
If the Hebrew
nation had been wiped out of existence 500 years before it brought Christ
into the world, it would have made all the difference in the world...
...no Hebrew nation,
no Messiah; no Messiah, a lost world.
Jewish girl of long ago, though she herself may not have known it, yet
played her part in paving the way for the coming of the world's Savior.
Also, the Book
of Esther is a great book for young girls to read, as well as all women,
verses to point out in the Sunday School class today:
Do your own word
study of these interesting words... head;
royal; favour; pleased
- Vashti not a good example for the King and to others... King was looking
for someone better than her!
Hadassah, Esther's real name... Mordecai took care of her.
nobody knew she was a jew
Mordecai checked on her every day
- King loved Esther
- two men conspired against the King - Mordecai heard of the plot, told
Esther - she told the King - King has them hanged. Solved that problem!
Haman wanted all Jews destroyed!
decree published to kill all Jews! (vs
Mordecai was shocked when he perceived all that was done!
- Esthers response when she heard
- Esther sends out Hatach to find out more!
- The danger of going in to see the king!
Esther says she is going anyway!
- the banquet / gallows made for Mordecai
do you know the rest of the story?
Mordecai was next unto king Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, etc.
Handbook Chapter Summaries:
is to help those who have not read Esther very closely)
another name for Xerxes, who ruled Persia from 486 to 464 b.c., one of
the most illustrious monarchs of the ancient world.
The great feast
described in this chapter, as has been learned from Persian inscriptions,
was held in preparation for his famous expedition against Greece, in which
he fought the battles of Thermopylae and Salamis (480 b.c.).
It seems that
he deposed Vashti in 483 b.c,, before he left, and married Esther in 478
b.c., after he returned from his expedition against Greece (1:3;
died 13 years later.
Esther, no doubt,
lived far into the reign of her stepson, Artaxerxes.
she may have been a person of influence in Persia in the days of Ezra and
The decree was
a call to kill all the Jews in all the provinces (3:12–13).
This was in the
king's 12th year (3:7),
after Esther had been queen for five years.
Her lament, “I
have not been called to come in unto the king these thirty days,”
may indicate that the novelty of Esther had worn off, and Esther took a
great risk in inviting the king to the banquet.
But the king came,
and when the king saw Esther again, his reaction shows that she still pleased
even though she had been his wife for five years.
The outcome was
that Haman was hanged, and his place was given to Mordecai, Esther's cousin.
The Feast of Purim
Since a decree
issued by a Persian king could not be changed (8:8;
Daniel 6:15), the decree for the Jews'
massacre could not be reversed.
But Esther did
persuade the king to make another decree that authorized the Jews to resist
and slay all who would attack them, which they did.
Thus Esther saved
the Jewish race from annihilation.
This was the origin
of the Feast of Purim, which Jews still observe. Esther was not only beautiful,
Purim means 'lot'
- 3:7; 9:24
- they cast Pur, that is, the lot,
or Feast of the
Adar - March 4th
begins at sundown
on the 13th and ends at sundown on the 14th.
Possibly the feast
mentioned in John 5:1
- and one that Jesus attended.
(only feast day
that occurs between december and March/April, which is the time of the
have the Book of Esther read each year at Purim
from a scroll
called a "Megillah."
There is a carnival
atmosphere, with people wearing colorful costumes.
The people make
a lot of noise with groggers.
They hiss when
the name Haman is mentioned.
a three cornered cookie or pastry, filled with poppy-seed or other filling
tashen means pockets
- mohn means poppy seed
It is figured
that is represents Haman's hat - a three cornered hat (Scriptures do not
describe the hat, though).
They also figure
that Haman had bribe money in his pockets!
They eat his hat
possibly to symbolize destroying his memory!
or - to represent
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, their three patriarchs.
or - to symbolize
the humbling of Haman of having his ears clipped as he was humbled and
- People send gifts of 'festively wrapped plates of delicacies.
shouted "Purim 1946" as he was taken away to be hung as a Nazi war criminal.
more and more powerful; he was second in rank after the king of Persia
His acts of power
and his greatness were written in detail in the official records of the
kings of Media and Persia.
This was in the
reign of Xerxes, the mighty monarch of the Persian Empire.
minister was a Jew; his favorite wife was a Jewess—Mordecai and Esther,
the brains and heart of the palace!
This paved the
way for the work of Ezra and Nehemiah.