Sermon for the Starving Bible Believing Christians All Over the World Wide
- Touchet Baptist Church, Touchet, Washington - Pastor Mike Paulson - 2005
the way of God more perfectly - Acts 18:26
the Scriptures Rightly Divided - II Timothy
The Primate of Italy - the Pope!
Head Monkey of the World
One of his many official titles
Warning of False Christs:
Matthew 24:24 For
there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great
signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive
the very elect.
For false Christs and false prophets shall rise, and shall shew signs and
wonders, to seduce, if it were possible, even the elect.
II Corinthians 11:13 For
such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into
the apostles of Christ.
Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that
holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of
the seven golden candlesticks; I know thy works, and thy labour,
and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and
thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast
found them liars:
Warning of Antichrists:
I John 2:18 Little
children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall
come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the
I John 2:22 Who
is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist,
that denieth the Father and the Son.
I John 4:3 And
every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh
is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard
that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.
II John 1:7
For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus
Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.
Daniel 8:25: And
through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and
he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many:
he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken
Cappuccino coffee drink inventor was a monk - he has even been beatified!
Today's desires & priorities as they look for a new pope! (universal
appeal with a personal humility and pastoral presence that embodies the
message of the gospel. They are looking for a great orator.
They are looking to continue forging closer ties with other religions and
other Christian denominations. Many cardinals emphasized last week
the need for increased dialogue with Muslim leaders. "You don't want
a clash of religions," said Cardinal Avery Dulles, a theology professor
at Fordham University.
They identified ecumenism as one of the two priorities for the next pope
along with pushing forward with John Paul's effort to evangelize in the
West. "I would hope his focus would be on local communities
of faith." Cardinal Edward M. Egan said.
And in his estate shall stand up a vile
person, to whom they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall
come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries. And with
the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall
be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant. And after the league made
with him he shall work deceitfully: for he shall come up, and shall become
strong with a small people. He shall enter peaceably even upon the
fattest places of the province; and he shall do that which his fathers
have not done, nor his fathers' fathers; he shall scatter among them the
prey, and spoil, and riches: yea, and he shall forecast his devices against
the strong holds, even for a time.
And the king shall do according to his
will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god,
and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper
till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall
be done. Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the
desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above
all. But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces: and a god
whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with
precious stones, and pleasant things. Thus shall he do in the most strong
holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory:
and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for
All of the following material is available
in it's complete and documented format at Way
of Life Literature.
There are a lot more detailed and well documented materials
available at many many other sites, as well.
This is just a spit in the ocean of materials exposing
the truth of the Pope and his wicked religion!
We will just pick and choose some general segments
to 'preach' on for the sermon.
Meaning of the word pope
Pope is from the Latin word papa, meaning "father." The
Italian equivalent to pope is "papa," and the pope is often called papa.
Religious leaders who allow themselves to be called "father," and those
who call them by this title are in rebellion to Christ's command. Matthew
23:9 -"And call no man your father upon
the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven."
According to Roman Catholic dogma, Peter was the first bishop, or pope,
of Rome, and to him was given the authority to open and shut the kingdom
of God to men. Supposedly, Jesus gave to Peter the supreme authority in
the church on earth, and this authority was passed on to other bishops
of Rome. These claims are supposedly based upon Mt.
16:18-19--"And I say also unto thee, That
thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates
of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give unto thee the keys
of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall
be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed
Authority of the pope
The pope is said to have the authority to establish doctrine. When
he speaks officially, ex-cathedra, his declarations are considered to be
infallible. The New York Catechism says: "The pope takes the place of
Jesus Christ on earth ... By divine right the pope has supreme and full
power in faith and morals over each and every pastor and his flock. He
is the true Vicar of Christ, the head of the entire church, the father
and teacher of all Christians. He is the infallible ruler, the founder
of dogmas, the author of and the judge of councils; the universal ruler
of truth, the arbiter of the world, the supreme judge of heaven and earth,
the judge of all, being judged by no one, God himself on earth" (Loraine
Boettner, Roman Catholicism, p. 127).
History of the papal office
The concept of a supreme, infallible pope grew up gradually over the
centuries as the Roman Catholic Church came into existence and consolidated
its power. This history is traced in the book, Catholicism Against Itself,
Volume II, by O.C. Lambert. The following statements are documented
from Catholic resources and can be documented to you if you ask me:
Thus we see that the Catholic doctrine of papal supremacy, as is
all of their teachings,
POPE DAMASCUS (366-384 A.D.) was the first to call himself pope and was
also the first to appeal to Matt. 16:18 to bolster his claim of ascendancy
over all churches. Note that it was almost four hundred years
after the ascension of Christ that a man began to claim to be the universal
POPE GREGORY I, the Great (590-604 A.D.) was the first to use the phrase
"to speak ex cathedra." "Ex cathedra" means to speak from the throne,
and is the idea that when the pope makes a solemn pronouncement from his
throne that pronouncement is infallible.
POPE THEODORE I (642-649 A.D.) was the first pope officially called Sovereign
Pontiff. "Sovereign" refers to supreme power, and is a title which
should only be applied to God, not to a man. "Pontiff" means "a bridge,"
and refers to the pope of Rome as the bridge between God and men.
This, of course, is a title which belongs solely to Jesus Christ (1
POPE GREGORY III (731-741 A.D.). Along about this time the kissing of the
pope's foot was instituted.. Also carrying the pope in a stately sedan
POPE STEPHEN II (752-757 A.D.) became the first pope-king.
POPE ADRIAN I (772-795 A.D.) is said to be the "real founder" of the pope's
POPE ST. NICHOLAS I (855-867) claimed absolute power.
POPE JOHN XV (985-996) was the first to canonize saints.
POPE JOHN XIX (1024-1032) seems to have been the first pope to grant an
indulgence in return for alms bestowed.
POPE GREGORY VII (1073-1085) prescribed that the title pope should be confined
to the successors of Peter. Pope is a Latin word meaning "Father" and is
a title forbidden by the Lord Jesus Christ.
POPE INNOCENT III (1198-1216). From the time of Innocent III the popes
called themselves "The Vicar of Christ." Vicar of Christ means
representative of Christ, and is blasphemy because only the Holy Spirit
is the true Vicar of Christ on earth.
POPE BONIFACE VII (1294-1303). One of the proclamations of Boniface VII
said this: "Listen to the Vicar of Christ, who is placed over kings
and kingdoms. He is the keeper of the keys, the judge of the living and
the dead, and sits on the throne of justice, with power to extirpate all
iniquity. He is the head of the Church, which is one and stainless, and
not a many-headed monster, and has full divine authority to pluck out and
tear down, to build up and plant. Let not the king imagine that he has
no superior, is not subject to the highest authority in the Church."
POPE BENEDICT XII (1334-1342). It was during the reign of Benedict XII
over the Catholic Church that the earliest representation of the tiara
(which the pope receives at his coronation) with three crowns appeared.
Before that it had only two crowns. "The first circlet symbolizes the
pope's universal rule in the church, the second, his supremacy, and the
third, his temporal influence ... father of princes and kings, ruler of
the world, Vicar of Our Saviour Jesus Christ."
POPE PIUS IV (1559-1565). During the papacy of Pius IV Catholics were forbidden
to read the Bible--even Catholic versions of the Bible! Pius IV also issued
a creed in 1564 which stated in its eleventh and twelfth articles: "I
acknowledge the Holy Catholic and Apostolic Roman Church to be the mother
and mistress of all the churches ... I vow and swear a true obedience to
the Roman pontiff, the successor of Peter, the Prince of the Apostles,
and the Vicar of Jesus Christ" ("Rome and Unity."
POPE PIUS IX (1846-1878) declared himself to be infallible in 1870 (Catholic
Encyclopedia, XII, p. 135). Also during the papacy of Pius IX the first
Vatican council was held, during which it was proclaimed that the pope
is infallible when he declares ex cathedra (from the throne) on a matter
of faith and morals. It also insisted on the pope's direct jurisdiction
over each and every believer on earth.
all came into being gradually through the centuries.
Following are some of the pope's titles, all of which show that he
is the world's greatest blasphemer: His Holiness, Holy Father, Vicar
of Christ, Sovereign, Supreme Pontiff, Keeper of the Keys, Head of the
Church, Prince of the Apostles, Head of the Bishops, Supreme Pastor, Universal
Ruler of the Truth, Infallible Ruler, Father of all Christians, Supreme
Teacher of the Universal Church, Father of Princes and Kings, Ruler of
the Round Earth, Viceroy of Jesus Christ, Substitute for the Son of God,
Successor of the Prince of the Apostles, Sovereign of the State of the
Vatican City, Primate of Italy.
"Pontiff," meaning "bridge builder," comes "not from
the Bible but from pagan Rome, where the emperor, as the high priest of
the heathen religion, and in that sense professing to be the bridge or
connecting link between this life and the next, was called `Pontifex
The title was therefore lifted from paganism and applied to the head
of the Roman Catholic Church. As the high priest of the O.T. was the mediator
between God and men, so the pope also claims to be the mediator between
God and men, with power over the souls in purgatory."
The error of the papacy
We must ask an obvious and serious question. Where in the N.T. do we see
Peter claiming to be a pontiff? Where do we see him accepted as such by
the early churches? Peter was openly rebuked by Paul because of hypocrisy
(Ga. 2:11-14). Peter had a wife (Lk. 4:38; 1 Co. 9:5). Yet the RCC says
the pope--who supposedly is Peter's successor--cannot marry. The N.T. speaks
more of Paul than of Peter. And it was Paul and John, not Peter, who wrote
most of the N.T. While Peter wrote two epistles of 166 verses, John wrote
five epistles with 1,415 verses, and Paul wrote 13 epistles with 2,033
verses. If, therefore, there was a pope in the early church it was Paul,
not Peter! The simple truth is that neither Peter nor any other man had
the position among the early churches that the pope has in Roman Catholicism.
Jesus Christ alone is the Head and Rock of the Church. Peter was no pope!
Only God should be called Holy Father, Holy Lord, His Holiness, Supreme
Pontiff, Our Most Holy Lord, etc. The Lord Jesus Christ condemned this
type of thing in the Pharisees, saying, "But be not ye called Rabbi: for
one is your Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren. And call no man
your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.
Neither be ye called masters: for one is your Master, even Christ" (Mt.
23:8-10). Peter, who supposedly was the first pope, refused to accept worship
(Ac. 10:25-26). Yet the Roman pope accepts--yea, demands--titles of deity
and accepts the worshipful genuflection of those who approach him. What
2. THE TITLES USED FOR THE POPE ARE BLASPHEMOUS.
Nowhere in the N.T. do we find the blasphemous Catholic idea that a mere
man would become the vicar [representative] of Christ during His absence
in Heaven. Instead we read that the Holy Spirit would come to be Christ's
representative (Jn. 14:16-18; 15:26; 16:7).
3. THE VICAR OF CHRIST IS THE HOLY SPIRIT, NOT THE POPE!
The Roman Church uses this passage to support its concept that Peter was
made pope by the Lord Jesus Christ. We quoted this passage earlier. Magically,
the Roman Church finds here the basis for the papacy. Peter is considered
to have been the rock of the church, so the supposed successors of Peter--the
Roman popes--form the foundation of the church for all ages. That this
strange interpretation is not true is shown in the following considerations:
4. REGARDING MT. 16:16-20
First, the Lord Jesus was not saying in Mt.
16:16-20 that he would build the church upon Peter. "There is in the Greek
a play upon words, `Thou art Peter ("petros"--literally, a little rock),
and upon this rock ("Petra"--a solid rock mass or foundation) I will build
my church.' He does not promise to build His church upon Peter, but upon
Himself. Peter himself was careful to tell us that the foundation of the
church is Christ. `Wherefore, also it is contained in the scripture, Behold,
I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious...' (1 Pe. 2:6)" (Scofield).
According to 2 Sa. 22:32, there is no Rock except God! "...and who is a
rock, save our God?" In both the Old and New Testaments it is God Himself
who is the believer's Rock--Foundation, Security, and Protection. Thirty
times in the Old Testament God is called a Rock. Five times in the New
Testament Christ is called a Rock--Mt. 16:18, Ro. 9:33, 1 Co. 10:4, and
1 Pe. 2:18. Only Deity Himself could be the church's Rock and Foundation!
And this is exactly what the Lord Jesus Christ was promising in Matthew
Second, the Roman Catholic interpretation
of Mt. 16:18-19 is strictly contrary to the pattern of the early churches
as testified by the book of Acts and the Epistles. Peter simply was not
a pope! The Latin writing on the fish-shaped hat worn by the pope says,
"Vicarirs Feleii Dei" and means "substitute for the Son of God"! The Apostle
Peter no doubt would have cringed in horror at the very thought of donning
such a title.
Third, the church is built, not upon the
person of Peter, but upon the testimony of Peter. In Mt. 16, Peter had
just testified, "Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God." This
testimony is the focus of Mt. 16:16-20. It is Christ, Christ, Christ! He
is the Center, the Foundation, the Head, the All for the church. This we
see in that the Lord Jesus completed this scene in Mt. 16 by charging the
disciples "that they should tell no man that he was Jesus the Christ."
Fourth, the keys of the kingdom of heaven
were not given to Peter alone, but to the other disciples as well. After
Jesus' resurrection, He spoke to all the disciples, saying, "Whose soever
sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain,
they are retained" (Jn. 20:23).
The key to the kingdom is the Gospel, which is the power of God to
salvation to those who believe. Paul said, "For I am not ashamed of the
gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one
that believeth..." (Ro. 1:16). Peter used the key of the Gospel to open
the door for the Jews on the day of Pentecost (Ac. 2). He also used the
key of the Gospel to open the door of salvation to the Gentiles when he
preached Jesus to Cornelius (Ac. 10). The New Testament does not show Peter
exercising special authority beyond this, and it was an authority which
was exercised by all the disciples.
In Mt. 16, the Lord Jesus Christ is not making Peter the first pope,
but is reaffirming that He Himself is the Rock, the Head of the Church,
and that Peter's testimony of Christ is the key whereby the door to salvation
and the Kingdom of God would be opened to all who believe.
These terms are used interchangeably in Scripture and refer to different
aspects of one man's ministry, rather than to different ministries of different
men. PASTOR emphasizes the church leader's role as a shepherd of God's
people. ELDER emphasizes his spiritual maturity. BISHOP emphasizes his
role as an overseer and ruler of the assembly. In some passages all three
terms are used to describe the church leader. In Ac. 20:17 and 28 the leaders
of the church at Ephesus are called elders, overseers and feeders of the
church, which refers to their role as pastors. In Tit. 1:5,7 the terms
elder and bishop are used interchangeably to refer to the leaders Titus
was to ordain in Crete. In 1 Pe. 5, the pastor is again pictured in all
three aspects. All three words--pastor, elder, and bishop--refer to the
work of one man.
5. THE TERMS "BISHOP," "ELDER," AND "PASTOR" REFER TO THE SAME OFFICE IN
THE NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH.
The Roman Catholic Church has no biblical authority for elevating some
church leaders above others as they do with their popes, bishops, priests,
and cardinals. We find no such ecclesiastical hierarchy in the New Testament
"According to Roman Church tradition, Peter reigned as pope in Rome for
25 years, from 42 to 67 A.D. It is generally agreed that Paul's letter
to the Christians in Rome was written in the year 58 A.D., at the very
height of Peter's alleged episcopacy there. Paul did not address his letter
to Peter, as he should have done if Peter was in Rome and the head of all
the churches. No, the letter was addressed simply to the saints in Rome.
How strange for a missionary to write to a church and not mention the pastor!
... And if Peter had been the most prominent minister in the land, as allegedly
was the bishop of Rome, such an affront would be all the more inexcusable.
6. PAUL MADE NO MENTION OF PETER IN HIS LETTER TO ROME.
"If Peter was there and had been there for sixteen years, why was it
necessary for Paul to go at all, especially since in his letter he says
that he does not build on another's foundation (Ro. 15:20)? This indicates
clearly that Peter was not then in Rome, and that he had not been there,
that in fact Paul was writing this letter because no Apostle had yet been
in Rome to clarify the Gospel to them and to establish them in the faith
... And again, had Peter been in Rome prior to or at the time when Paul
arrived there as a prisoner in 61 A.D. Paul could not have failed to have
mentioned him, for in the epistles written from there during his imprisonment--Ephesians,
Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon--he gives quite a complete list of
his fellow-workers in Rome, and Peter's name is not among them" (Boettner,
PETER'S SUCCESSOR? The following chronology
of Peter's ministry is given by Tom Aldons in The Rock, Oct. 1986--
"We often hear of the pope referred to as Peter's successor, a claim
which is reflected in one of the titles assumed by Pope John Paul II. This
is based on the assertion that Peter was the first bishop of Rome from
A.D. 42 to 67. But what does the Bible reveal about this claim?
"In Ga. 1:16-18 Paul writes that 3 years after his conversion (A.D.
34) he met Peter at Jerusalem (A.D. 37). In Ga. 2:1-9 Paul writes that
he again went to Jerusalem 14 years later (A.D. 51) where he met Peter
"Paul's Epistle to the Romans was written from Corinth about A.D. 60
and chapter 16 has greetings to several members of the church at Rome by
name but makes no mention of Peter. This is a strange omission if Peter
had indeed been bishop there.
"Paul's letter to the Colossians was written from Rome about A.D. 64.
At the end of chapter 4 he sends greetings from several people including
`Luke the beloved physician.' In verse 10, Aristarchus `my fellow prisoner'
sends greetings to Marcus (Mark). In verse 11, Paul writes, `These only
are my fellow workers,' but makes no mention of Peter among them."
WAS PETER IN ROME? "In A.D. 41 Peter was at Joppa
where he had a vision of the unclean animals (Acts 11). In A.D. 44 he was
imprisoned by Herod and miraculously set free (Acts 12). In A.D. 52 he
was at Jerusalem disputing against circumcision (Acts 15). He wrote his
first Epistle from Babylonia about A.D. 60 (1 Pe. 5:13), the same verse
stating that Mark was with him at that time.
"In Paul's letter to Timothy from Rome, A.D. 66, shortly before his
execution (2 Ti. 4:7-8), he writes in verse 11 `only Luke is with me.'
Timothy was the first [pastor at] Ephesus and Mark was with him (2 Ti.
4:11), confirming Col. 4:10.
"Peter was therefore with Timothy and Mark in Asia Minor and Babylonia,
but never at Rome with Paul. His mission was to the circumcision (Ga. 2:7-9)--the
Jews and the other 10 tribes whose location he referred to in 1 Pe. 1:1.
"So we see that the man that the Catholic Church says was the first
Roman pope never ministered at Rome!"
The RC idea of apostolic succession is purely human conjecture. There were
only 12 Apostles in the special sense and that is all there ever will be.
In the wall of the eternal city of the redeemed there are twelve foundations--only
twelve--and in these foundations are written the names of the twelve Apostles--only
twelve! "And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the
names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb" Re. 21:14.
7. THERE IS NO RECORD IN THE NEW TESTAMENT THAT PETER'S APOSTOLIC OFFICE
WAS PASSED ON TO ANOTHER AT HIS DEATH.
Roman Catholic popes are not allowed to be married, but Peter definitely
had a wife. This becomes an important fact when we consider that the Roman
popes claim to be successors, followers, of Peter. Consider the following
passages of Holy Scripture: Mt. 8:14; Mk. 1:30; 1 Co. 9:5. Regarding the
pope's celibacy, we see again Rome's deadly habit of changing the pattern
of the early church and thereby rendering the Scripture ineffective by
8. PETER WAS A MARRIED MAN.
The following is taken from the book, Protestants, Catholics and the Word
of God, pp. 41-42--
9. PETER'S SUPREMACY IS CONTRARY TO THE EVIDENCE OF THE SCRIPTURE.
"Peter had certain characteristics which made him a leader, true enough,
but Jesus refused to recognize any pope among His disciples. Mt. 23:8-12
says, `But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ;
and all ye are brethren. AND CALL NO MAN YOUR FATHER UPON THE EARTH: for
one is your Father, which is in heaven. Neither be ye called masters: for
one is your Master, even Christ. But he that is greatest among you shall
be your servant. And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and
he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.'
"The above Scripture does not mean that you cannot call the one who
begat you `father.' This is done over and over in Scriptures. It does mean
that no one should call a man `father' as is done in Catholicism. A man
who assumes this title arrogates to himself the title and prerogative of
God. It is not the title itself that is of supreme importance. The Lord
is forbidding the recognition of any man's power to impart by ceremony
or in any other way, spiritual life to any fellow man.
"The father is the one who begets, the one from whom life comes. You
should never recognize any man who claims to be able by sacramentarian
grace, or any other thing, to communicate life to your soul. The life of
God in the soul of a man must come by the begetting of God. We must be
careful not to give to any man place and honor which does not belong to
"We must not allow any man to come between ourselves and Christ. There
are no priests who can atone for us. There are no mediators who can undertake
to manage our souls with God.
"Acts 15 reports a church council in Jerusalem discussing the relation
of the Gentiles to the law, to circumcision, etc. In this council, Peter,
Barnabas and Paul gave reports. Then James rather than Peter rendered the
final decision. Read Acts 15:13-20. `And after they had held their peace,
James answered, saying, Men and brethren, hearken unto me: Simeon [Peter]
hath declared how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out
of them a people for his name . Wherefore my sentence is, that we trouble
not them, which from among the Gentiles are turned to God.' (vv. 14,15,19).
"Again in Ga. 2:11 Paul rebukes Peter openly because of blameworthy
actions. Certainly Paul took a privilege which no one would take toward
the pope today.
"In Ga. 2:8-10 Peter is named with others as a pillar of the church,
but no supremacy.
"In Ac. 8:14 we are told that PETER WAS SENT BY OTHERS to preach and
help in the work of the Lord.
"M.D. Forrest [Roman Catholic writer] in Who is the Pope? emphasizes
the primacy of Peter in Jn. 21:15-17, saying that Christ addressed only
Peter when He said, `Lovest thou me more than these? Feed my lambs.' The
reason Christ addressed Peter only, though, is not the supremacy of Peter
but the fact that Peter alone denied his Lord! Over against his three-fold
denial we have the Lord's three-fold question concerning the love which
Peter declared to be greater than that of the other disciples. We repeat
that this is not a question of primacy but one of confession in light of
Peter's awful denial" (Protestants, Catholics and the Word of God, pp.
"Take the Word of God in this matter. `And hath put all things under his
[Christ's] feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,
which is his body, the fullness of him that filleth all in all' (Ep. 1:22-23).
This plainly states that Christ is the head of the church. No man on earth
today is the head of the church. Note also Ep. 5:23: `For the husband is
the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he
is the saviour of the body.' The book of Ephesians was written probably
thirty years after Pentecost, and Christ was still the Head of the Church
at that time!" (Ibid., p. 44).
10. PETER WAS NOT THE HEAD OF THE CHURCH IN THE FIRST CENTURY.
"I have never read in Scripture that Peter asked and accepted gifts of
money to gather unto himself a treasury of silver and gold to be called
`The Treasury of St. Peter' [as the pope has]! In Ac. 3:6 Peter said, `Silver
and gold have I none.' In Ac. 8:20 Peter refused to sell a spiritual gift
for money--'But Peter said unto him, Thy money perish with thee, because
thou hast thought that the gift of God may be purchased with money.' Rome,
though, sells spiritual blessings and gifts" (Ibid.).
11. PETER NEVER HAD A TREASURY
"Coronation day is crowning day. Peter's coronation day was never during
his earthly life. He will receive a crown when the Lord comes again, as
he said in his first epistle. `And when the chief Shepherd shall appear,
ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away' (1 Pe. 5:4). The
Catholic Dictionary says concerning the crowning of the pope: `The earliest
representation of the tiara with three crowns is found in an effigy of
Benedict XII (died in 1342). The first circlet symbolizes the pope's universal
episcopate, the second his supremacy of jurisdiction, and the third his
temporal supremacy. It is placed on his head at his coronation by the second
cardinal deacon, with the words, `Receive the tiara adorned with three
crowns and know that thou art Father of princes and kings, Ruler of the
world, Vicar of our Saviour Jesus Christ.'" Is this not blasphemous arrogance?
(Protestants, Catholics and the Word of God, pp. 44-45).
12. PETER NEVER WORE A CROWN
PETER'S LIFE VS. THE POPE'S LIFE
The Roman Catholic Church claims that its popes have inherited the
seat and authority of the Apostle Peter. That this is a gross error is
evident by a simple comparison of Peter's life and teaching with the lives
and teaching of the Catholic Popes:
1. There is no evidence that Peter was in Rome, and there is no evidence
in the New Testament that there was anything special about the congregation
at Rome, but the popes rule in Rome and claim that it is the "mother church."
Peter's first epistle was written from Babylon, not from Rome, and the
popes' claim that "Babylon" stands for Rome is mere conjecture. Paul wrote
TO the church at Rome in A.D. 58, but though he mentions 27 people by name,
he does not mention Peter. That would have been an awful affront if Peter
had been the pope at Rome. Later, Paul writes FROM Rome to the Galatians,
the Ephesians, the Philippians, the Colossians, and to Philemon, but not
once does he mention that Peter is in Rome. In 2 Timothy 4:16 Paul said
that no man stood with him and all forsook him when he answered his charges.
Where was Pope Peter? The fact is that Peter was not a pope and he was
not in Rome.
2. Peter was married (Matthew 8:14), but the popes cannot marry.
3. Peter said Holy Scripture is the sure Word of God and to this alone
we are to give heed (2 Peter 1:19-21), but the popes say we are also to
heed their uninspired traditions.
4. Peter warned of false teachers who would make merchandise of God's people
(2 Peter 2:1-3), but the popes have not feared to sell their masses and
their prayers and their indulgences.
5. Peter said baptism is a figure, a symbol, and that it is not water which
saves us, but the resurrection of Jesus Christ (1 Peter 3:21), but the
popes say that baptism itself brings salvation and that it is not merely
6. Peter refused worship (Acts 10:25-26), but the popes have accepted honor
and bowings and kissings which border on worship and have allowed themselves
to be treated almost as gods.
7. Peter taught that salvation is strictly through the righteousness of
Jesus Christ (2 Peter 1:1), but the popes claim that their sacraments are
also necessary for salvation.
8. Peter taught against hierarchicalism, warning the pastors against "being
lords over God's heritage" (1 Peter 5:1-4), and Peter mentioned no church
office other than that of the elder; but the popes have set up a system
of ecclesiastical lordship over the churches, and have added many offices
which are never mentioned in the New Testament.
9. Peter taught that the only priesthood in the New Testament dispensation
is the High priesthood of Jesus Christ and the general priesthood of all
believers (1 Peter 2:9), but the popes say that their "church" has a special
priesthood which is ordained to distribute sacraments.
10. Peter taught that Jesus Christ is the rock upon which the church is
founded (1 Peter 2:4-8), but the popes say that Peter was the rock.
11. Peter taught that men are born again through the Word of God (1 Peter
1:23), but the popes say that men are born again through baptism.
12. Peter taught that Christ has "once suffered for sins" (1 Peter 3:18),
and "bare our sins in his own body on the tree" (1 Peter 2:24); but the
popes say that Christ is sacrificed anew in each mass and that having Jesus
Christ and his cross is not enough, that a believer also needs the Roman
Catholic Church and its sacraments and priesthood.
13. Peter taught that the believer has a living hope, that he has an inheritance
reserved in heaven, and that he is kept by the power of God (1 Peter 1:2-5);
but the popes say that a believer cannot know for sure that he has a home
14. Peter taught that the believer is not to be a murderer, or a thief,
or an evildoer, or a busybody in other men's matters (1 Peter 4:15); but
the popes have been all of these things.
CHRIST AND THE POPE CONTRASTED
Christ wore a crown of thorns.
The pope wears a triple crown filled with jewels.
Christ said: "My kingdom is not of this world."
The pope claims the spiritual and temporal sovereignty of this same
Christ washed his disciples' feet, thus manifesting a spirit of humility
worthy of emulation by His followers.
The pope presents his foot to be kissed and requires genuflections
and kneeling from those who have audiences with him.
Christ was poor and lowly.
The pope's material wealth is immense.
Christ carried on His shoulders the cross.
The pope is carried on the shoulders of his servants in liveries of
Christ preached peace and good will among men.
The popes have instigated more wars than all other aggressors combined.
Christ had no place to lay His head.
The pope lives in a magnificent palace surrounded by wealth and pomp.
Christ gave His Gospel freely to all.
The pope sells his masses and other favors.
Christ said: "Call no man your father upon
the earth; for one is your Father, which is in heaven."
The pope commands all to call him "Holy Father," and even his
priests feel insulted if persons do not address them as "Father."
Christ lived a chaste and pure life.
Many of the popes have lived immoral and perverted lives.
Christ sent the Holy Spirit to be His Vicar on earth.
The pope claims to be the Vicar of Christ on earth.
Christ is the Head of the Church.
The pope claims to be head of the Church.
Christ claimed infallibility for Himself and the Word of God alone.
The pope claims infallibility for himself..
Christ taught that sin should be confessed to God.
The pope teaches that sin should be confessed to him and his priests.
Christ taught His followers to pray to God through Him.
The pope teaches his followers to pray to the virgin Mary.
Christ taught that He alone is the Savior.
The pope teaches that the Church is the Savior.
Christ taught that Church and State should be separated.
The pope insists that they should be united.
Christ taught that there was but one Mediator between God and men--Himself.
The pope teaches that there are many mediators between man and God.
Christ taught that salvation was by grace [meaning a free gift].
The pope teaches salvation is by seven "sacraments" which are supposed
to confer grace.
The headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church. "Vatican" is from the
Latin word vaticanus, signifying one of the seven hills of ancient Rome,
on the west bank of the Tiber River (Webster's Unabridged). The Vatican
refers both to the papal palace and the papal government. Consider the
following description of the Vatican state which exchanges ambassadors
with most of the nations of the world and wields tremendous power over
presidents and kings.
The pope's area of temporal domain is no larger than 109 acres, with
fewer than 1,000 inhabitants. It has a full civil government with a flag,
a police force, courts and postage stamps. It even issues currency in the
form of gold and silver with the effigy of the pope.
"It has a very large and active diplomatic corp, the finest in the world,
headed by a secretary of state with 100 ambassadors called nuncios. These
Vatican ambassadors in most capitols outrank even the representatives of
the United States.
"The pope, however, is not just a temporal ruler in that small area
in Rome, he is ruler of an international power, claiming authority from
God, and demanding adherence from all Catholics in all nations, including
the United States. The sovereign power of the pope extends his jurisdiction
to 800 million Catholics in every country where there are Catholics. In
more than 60 countries the majority of the population is Catholic, and
in half of those, more than 90 percent are Catholic.
"The pope is considered a supreme ruler because when he is crowned,
he is charged as follows: `Receive the three-fold crown of the Tiara,
and know that thou art the Father of princes and Kings, the Ruler of the
round earth, and here below the viceroy of Jesus Christ, to whom be Honor
and Glory forever, Amen.'
"This man crowned `ruler of the round earth' is one of the few remaining
absolute monarchs in the world. He lives in an atmosphere of continuous
adulation. His Vatican palace has thousands of rooms. He is too exalted
to eat a meal with any other human"
A Roman Catholic council conducted between 1868 and 1870.
A Roman Catholic council conducted between October 11, 1962, to December
9, 1965. It was convened by Pope John XXIII, and after his death in June
1963, was completed by Pope Paul VI.
The council was attended by more than 2,400 Roman Catholic bishops.
A number of important changes were made in the practice of Catholicism.
Before Vatican II, the mass was performed in the Latin language. Vatican
II allowed for it to be conducted in the vernacular. Vatican II also opened
the door for ecumenical overtures to the non-Catholic world. While there
were many other peripheral changes made, Vatican II reaffirmed in the plainest
possible language the dogmas of Roman Catholicism. The heart of this apostate
religious system--the papacy, the priesthood, and the sacraments--remain
Papal supremacy was reaffirmed by Vatican II.
The official pronouncements which were issued by this Council changed
the face of Roman Catholicism in many superficial ways, but the foundational
dogmas regarding the papacy, the mass and the other sacraments, Mary, the
priesthood, etc., remain unchanged.
It is not true that the Second Vatican Council rejected Rome's heresies
or that it turned the Catholic Church toward the Bible. Following are some
statements from Vatican II illustrating the truth of this claim:
"The Roman Pontiff, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ, namely,
and as pastor of the entire Church, has full, supreme and universal power
over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise unhindered."
"This loyal submission of the will and intellect must be given, in
a special way, to the authentic teaching authority of the Roman Pontiff,
even when he does not speak ex cathedra in such wise, indeed, that his
supreme teaching authority be acknowledged with respect, and sincere assent
be given to decisions made by him, conformably with his manifest mind and
We see in these Vatican II proclamations that the pope of Rome retains
his supreme position to this very day. In fact, the Vatican II gave to
the pope even more power and authority than many previous Catholic documents.
It would be hard to imagine a more exalted position than that described
above. No other man on earth makes such claims as this.
All of the above material is available
in it's complete and documented format at Way
of Life Literature.
There are a lot more detailed and well documented materials
available at many many other sites, as well.
P.S. Bonus information
Antichrist? These Men Knew! Why Don't Leaders
The following quotes show just how far the churches of today have strayed
from the wisdom of their founding fathers regarding the awareness of the
Martin Luther (1483-1546 Lutheran)
We here are of the conviction that the papacy is the seat of the true
and real Antichrist...personally, I declare that I owe the Pope no other
obedience than that to Antichrist. (Aug 18, 1520, from The
Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers, Vol. 2, pg. 121 by Froom).
John Calvin (1509-1564 Presbyterian)
Some persons think us too severe and censorious when we call the
Roman pointiff Antichrist. But those who are of this opinion do not
consider that they bring the same charge of presumption against Paul himself,
after whom we speak and whose language we adopt...I shall briefly show
that Paul's words in II Thess 2 are not capable of any other interpretation
than that which applies them to the Papacy. (Taken
from Institutes by John Calvin).
Cotton Mather (1663-1728 Congregational)
The oracles of God foretold the rising of an Antichrist in the Christian
Church; and in the Pope of Rome, all the characteristics of that Antichrist
are so mavelously answered that if any who read the Scriptures do not see
it, there is a marvelous blindness upon them. (Taken
from The Fall of Babylon by Cotton Mather in Froom's book The Prophetic
Faith of Our Fathers Vol. 3. pg. 113.)
John Knox (1505-1572 Scotch Presbyterian)
Knox wrote to abolish that tyranny which the pope himself has for so
many ages exercised over the church and that the pope should be recognized
as the very antichrist, and son of perdition, of whom Paul speaks.
(Taken from The Zurich Letters pg. 199 by John Knox.)
Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556 Anglican)
Whereof it followeth Rome to be the seat of antichrist, and the
pope to be very antichrist himself. I could prove the same by many
other scriptures, old writers, and strong reasons.
(Taken from Works by Cranmer, Vol. 1, pp. 6-7)
John Wesley (1703-1791 Methodist)
Speaking of the papacy, he said, He is in an emphatical sense, the
Man of Sin, as he increases all manner of sin above measure. And
he is, too, properly styled the Son of Perdition, as he has caused the
death of numberless multitudes, both of his opposers and followers...He
it is...that exalteth himself above all that is called God, or what is
worshipped...claiming the highest power, and highest honour...claiming
the prerogatives which belong to God alone. (Taken
from Antichrist and His Ten Kingdoms by John Wesley, pg. 110.)
Roger Williams (1603-1683 First
Baptist Pastor in America)
He spoke of the Pope as the pretended Vicar of Christ on earth,
who sits as God over the Temple of God, exalting himself not only above
all that is called God, but over the souls and consciences of all his vassals
yea over the Spirit of Christ, over the Holy Spirit, yea, and God Himself...
speaking against the God of heaven, thinking to change times and laws:
but he is the son of perdition (II Thes 2). (Taken
from The Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers by Froom, Vol. 3 pg. 52.)